11 Visit: Familia Cruz-Conde
José Cruz-Conde Fustegueras (1879-1939) was one of the most notable members of the saga of the Cruz Conde in Cordoba. Lieutenant Colonel of Artillery. He fought in Morocco, for whose services he obtained the First Class Cross of Maria Cristina (1909, fight at Taxdirt). President of the Circle of Friendship (1924-1925) and Mayor of Cordoba (1924-1926) during the dictatorship of Primo de Rivera, who he supported and helped to succeed, playing an important role, effectively becoming the key man of Cordoba in Primo times. His accomplishments as mayor were significant, making heavy investments to improve the city. He was elected Governor of Seville and the Royal Commissioner of the Ibero American Exposition, which opened in 1929 in Seville. His appointment prompted the resignation of the mayor of this city. However, his energetic attitude was instrumental in the success of the Exposition. He was also a member of the Board of Directors of Banco de Credito Local. After the fall of the dictatorship of Primo de Rivera and the advent of the Second Republic, he conspired with Colonel Cascajo, among others, to ensure success in the Cordoba military coup of July 18, 1936. He died in Madrid in 1939. Later his remains were moved to Cordoba
Like his brothers José and Juan, Rafael Cruz Conde Fustegueras (1880-1978) devoted part of his life to the military, becoming a commander of infantry. He also had a major commitment to the wine and spirits business. In 1902 he founded the “Bodegas Cruz Conde.” In 1925 King Alfonso XIII granted him the title of “Purveyor to the Royal Family. “The painter Julio Romero de Torres made a famous painting depicting the brand of wines and the famous proclamation of anise “The Cordoba.” Politically, Rafael Cruz Conde was mayor of Cordoba (1927-1929) and President of the Provincial Council (1929 - 1930). His brother José was at that time a strong influence in Seville (Civil Governor and Commissioner of the Exposition of 1929) and a significant influence over Primo de Rivera, bringing the power of both brothers together in Cordoba. In this sense, Rafael Cruz Conde also had a strong weight in “La Voz” for a time the reference newspaper in the city. Married to Angela Conde Marín, he was the father of two mayors of the Franco era: Alfonso and Antonio Cruz-Conde Conde. He was named as an adopted son of Montilla.
Antonio Cruz-Conde y Conde (1910-2003) was probably, in Cordoba, the best known politician of a saga that has, in different eras and branches of the family, given the city mayors. He studied law, but was also devoted to businesses linked to wineries. Affiliated with the Falange in 1933, he fought in the Civil War, reaching the rank of lieutenant of cavalry and getting several decorations. He married Guadalupe Suarez de Tangil y Guzman, daughter of the Count of Vallellano, who had been mayor of Madrid during the dictatorship of Primo de Rivera. In 1951 he succeeded his brother Alfonso as mayor of Cordoba. During his mandate many achievements were made and deeply changed the city. These included a large improvement in water supply, the completion of the works of the New Bridge, the construction of the airport, the General Urban Plan (1958), tourism development ... In 1962 he was replaced as mayor by Antonio Guzman Reina, being elected President of the Provincial Council, a post he held until 1967. At the end of the Franco era and the beginning of the transition he tried, unsuccessfully, to resume his political career. For some citizens he was the best mayor in the twentieth century.